A Treasure and a Wonderful Remembrance.
The Portuguese Californians is designed as a 330 page hard-cover book printed in color on high quality paper, 9″x 12″ format, luxury limited edition, profusely illustrated with many photographs, tables and graphics, to record the enormous feat accomplished by the unchallenged leaders of a major industry.
The first part of this publication is a “revisitation” of Dr. Graves’ 1977 dissertation with a re-write for a general audience, with improved graphics and many photographs of historical importance. The second part is a thorough assessment of Portuguese involvement in California agriculture at the turn of the 21st Century.
The book includes a detailed counting and locating of all Portuguese in California in 1860 and 1880, using the original, handwritten, unpublished censuses of population for the entire state of California and unpublished membership lists of Portuguese fraternal lodges in order to determine the settlement patterns. After 1930, accurate location data were no longer available from the census bureau. The result of this research was an in-depth analysis of the Portuguese involvement in dairying in California.
Table of Contents
PART I: THE FIRST 150 YEARS IN CALIFORNIA
Chapter I: The Portuguese Immigrant in America
Chapter II: The Azorean Peasant Origins of the Portuguese Californians
Chapter III: The Formative Years, 1850-1880
Chapter IV: Incipient Farming and General Agricultural Labor: Focus on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Area, 1880-1910
Chapter V: Mass Immigration and Geographical Change, 1880-1930
Chapter VI:20th Century Invasion of the Dairy Industry: Focus on the San Joaquin Valley
PART II: A NEW CENTURY BEGINS
Chapter VII: Portuguese Agriculturists at the Turn of the 21st Century
Chapter VIII: A Few Who Made a Difference
Chapter IX: It’s All About Work, Family, Religion and Old World Values
Chapter X: Reflections, or “What I Learned From Tony, Frank, John, Joe, Manuel and Maria”
About the Author
Alvin Ray Graves was born in Perryton, Texas, in 1945. The youngest of nine siblings, Alvin was the first one to graduate from high school. He completed his BA and MA degrees in Geography at CSU Fresno and received his Ph.D. in Geography from UCLA. He researched the Portuguese in California from 1969-1977, in preparation for his 1969 Master’s thesis “Azorean Portuguese: Portuguese Dairymen in the San Joaquin Valley of California” and for his Ph.D. dissertation at UCLA “Immigrants in Agriculture: The Portuguese Californians, 1850-1970s.”
Dr. Graves’ interest in the Portuguese in California and dairying is quite unique. When he first moved to Riverdale in 1962 as a junior in high school, he had never met a Portuguese person. Over the years, he talked frequently with the grandfather and uncles of his future wife about their life history and experiences. The Avôs were from Terceira (S. Bárbara). In 1972, Dr. Graves visited Terceira and conducted more of his research at the Angra Archives/Library.
Dr. Graves and his wife Barbara have 5 children and 3 grandchildren. He has worked in the investment advisory, university development and farm management fields, but has always maintained an intense personal interest in the Portuguese community in California.